Baroque art originated in the 1600s in Rome and then spread out to the rest of Europe. The style incorporated different disciplines including music, sculpture, architecture, etc. It is famous for its grandeur and elaborate portrayal of events. The main purpose of this form of art was to showcase the religious tension of that period. This art form represented every part of society, from religious, sociological, and economic to political.
Overview Of Baroque Art
In every form of this art, be it music, dance or architecture, Baroque art exhibits overemphasized motion with intricate details. The reason for its creation was to appeal the perception of viewers through obvious iconography.This uses the technique of Chiaroscuro trait. It magnificently utilizes dark and light to portray high contrasting yet visible atmosphere. Although with the support of the church, this art form found its association with both grandeur and sensuality.
Baroque Art And Its History
Protestant Reformation led by Martin Luther was the primary reason behind its popularity. During that time the faith of the Catholic Church was under scrutiny by the Protestants. The church was thinking a way to educate the illiterate masses of its doctrines. The only way out it could manage was through art. The search for an art form emotionally intense and appealing finally resulted in the Baroque art style.
Led by the church many artists of that time got heavily inspired by the style. To paint domes of churches, ceilings, and arches artists used this style. Many other European artists of that era manifested their political scenarios through this style of art.
The designer of St. Peter’s Square, Bernini, was a pioneer of Baroque art in general. His architectural wonder was according to that of the church’s ideology. Other Baroque artists include Peter Paul Rubens and Caravaggio. They used the same clear imagery in their work to propagate religious ideology. Baroque artists also include composers, namely, George Handel.
The baroque art style was a major success in the 17th century. It had some most emphasized and direct form of delivery. At the same time, it was very strict and mostly sincere. With the decline of Rome, this style of art also started to decline. The next big thing in the European arena was the Rococo style of art, led by France. During that time France was the center of power. In many ways, the Rococo style contradicts the style.
Later on, in the 19th-century Baroque art inspired Beaux-Arts. It found some presence in modern-day architecture. Nevertheless, this particular art form has found its place in Europe’s history. It will continue to live its place. St. Peters Square, St. George Cathedral, Castellana, etc will always carry the mark of this art form in the times to come.
Art is inspiring and satisfying in its very own way. People conceive art in their own ways and their perceptions are different. From that rises the different styles of art which are unique in their own way.